BHIC 131 Solved Assignment HISTORY OF INDIA FROM THE EARLIEST TIMES UPTO C. 300 C.E.
BHIC 131 HISTORY OF INDIA FROM THE
EARLIEST TIMES UPTO C. 300 C.E.
July 2020 and January 2021
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Title – BHIC 131 HISTORY OF INDIA FROM THE EARLIEST TIMES UPTO C. 300 C.E.
University – Ignou
Assignment Types – PDF, SOFT COPY /Handwritten on order
Course – BACHELOR’S OF ARTS
HISTORY Hons. PROGRAMME (BAG)
Medium / Language –ENGLISH / HINDI
Session – JULY 2020, JANUARY 2021
Subjects code – BHIC 131
Assignment Submission Date – July 2020 session के लिए – 30 May 2021, January 2021 session के लिए – 30 October 2021.
BACHELOR’S OF ARTS
HISTORY Hons. PROGRAMME (BAG)
BHIC 131 Solved Assignment 2020-21
Q. 1. What are the main sources for the reconstruction of ancient Indian History?
Ans. Sources: The different sources of history which help us in reconstructing the ancient society are discussed here:
Epigraphy: Epigraphy deals with the study of inscriptions. They are, of course, our most reliable source to know about the nature of society which was prevalent in ancient India. Inscriptions are mainly found on the stone
tablets, metal plates, pillars and the walls of caves. From these sources we know a lot about languages of a particular period. Besides, they also throw light on the political and social conditions of the period.
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The inscriptions like the edicts of Ashoka, the pillars of Samudragupta and Rudradaman-I are famous for their religious and administrative importance. They tell a lot about the conditions of the relevant society also. Apart from this, some inscriptions are found in the bilingual form also. The inscriptions found at Delhi and Berhampur are the examples of such bilingual inscriptions. Besides, we have the inscriptions related to the musical rules found in the Pudukottai and those inscribed on a tower at Chittor are related to the treatise on architecture.
BHIC 131 HISTORY OF INDIA FROM THE EARLIEST TIMES UPTO C. 300 C.E Solved Assignment
The relevant information about a particular historical period is also contained in the inscriptions engraved on metal plates. We learn a great deal of knowledge related to taxes, trade and currency from the Mandasor copper plates, the Sohgaura plate from Gorakhpur district, the Ailhole inscriptions of Mahendra-Varman and the Uttiramerur
inscription of Cholas. Moreover, these inscriptions also give evidence to the boundaries of kingdoms and empire ruled over by the contemporary rulers. Hence, we cannot deny the fact that the epigraphys are our most reliable sources as they caste a flood of light on the social, political and religious conditions of the ancient society.
Numismatics: They are concerned with the study of coins. The economic situation of a particular period can be judged with the comparison of coins which are generally made of gold, silver and copper. Besides, they are of great importance for preparing the chronology of the historical periods on the study of coins. We can discover the relationship of the native rulers with the distant lands. For instance, the presence of the Roman coins in the sub-continent helps us to establish the contact of the Indian rulers with the Roman Empire. Similarly, we know several remarkable facts
related to the Puranic accounts of the Satavahanas from the Jogalthambi coins.
BHIC 131 Solved Assignment 2021 Pdf
The valuable contents of the coins are the symbol of the prosperity of the empire and at the same time, its wide circulation points to the healthy economic condition of the state. Further, on the basis of the study of coins, we can get some remarkable information about the decay of urban cities, trade and the general state of life. Undoubtedly, these facts are deeply related to life and caste light on the relevant society.
Archaeology: Among the different sources of history archaeology has a great importance. The term archaeology means the study of the material remains of the past. Buildings, monuments and other material relics are the remarkable parts of archaeology. Besides, pots pottery, seals, skeletal remains, etc. form the inseparable parts of archaeology
which have been discovered at the various places.
BAG History Solved Assignment
The spades of archaeology have brought some remarkable facts of the historical periods. They have also tried to establish the link between the various regions bearing social importance. The rock cut temples of Ajanta and Ellora demonstrate the existence of sculptures and paintings. Moreover, these caves are also famous for the exquisite beauty and artistic style which the contemporary society was endowed with.
Literature: Our ancient literature is the store house of experiences and the rules prescribed for worship. Literature as a remarkable source consists of the Vedas, the Brahmanas, the Aryankas, the Upanishads, the epics Ramayana and Mahabharata, the Brahashastras and the Puranas. These immortal creations are the most valuable sources to know about the existence of the languages like Pali, Sanskrit, Prakrit. Our Vedas are composed in Sanskrit while the Jain and the Buddhist texts are compiled in Prakrit and Pali. We learn lots of things about the traditions prevalent in the co-temporary society from the Jain and Buddhist literature. Moreover, they caste light on music, dance, architecture, painting and administration of the various kings. In connection with the importance of literature as a reliable source.
The Arthasastra of Kautilya and the Sangam literature is indispensable. We know that the former is a treatise on the statecraft which the latter is a strong source of information related to life in South India.
It is a fact that literature is the autobiography of a nation and the historical importance which is contained in Indian ancient literature is immensely saturated with the impacts of life.
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