Msw 02 Solved Assignment 2020

Msw 02 Solved Assignment 2020

Msw 02 Solved Assignment 2020


MSW–2 Professional Social Work: Indian Perspectives
Solved Assignment
July 2019 and January 2020

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Title – MSW– 002 Professional Social Work: Indian Perspectives

University – Ignou

Assignment Types – PDF, SOFT COPY /Handwritten on order

Course – Master in Social Work (msw) 


Session – JULY 2019, JANUARY 2020

Subjects code – msw 2

Assignment Submission Date – July 2019 session के लिए – 15 June 2020, January 2020 session के लिए – 30 September 2020.

MSW 02 Solved Assignment 2019 – 2020 ENGLISH Medium

Q. 2. Discuss the characteristics of Gandhian social work?

Ans. Gandhiji came to India in 1915 which marked the beginning of the new era and his actions affected almost all the walks of life including social work. Some of the fields of the Gandhian Social work in India in the pre- independence period are:

Welfare of Farmers, Labour and Students
In the beginning Gandhiji started as a social actionist in India. He founded Sabarmati Ashram in Ahmedabad on
the banks of the river Sabarmati and then proceeded to Champaran to protest against the tyranny and exploitation of the indigo farmers by the British planters. He also took the cause of the textile labours of Ahmedabad and made use of fast as the non-violent weapon to secure amicable settlement of the dispute. He also initiated Satyagraha in Kaisa in Gujarat to support the farmers. He also published journals like ‘Navjeevan’ and ‘Young India’ to promote the political, social and welfare causes. He founded Gujarat Vidyapith at Ahmedabad in 1920 with an aim to make the education system community-oriented.

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Khadi for Socio-Economic Independence
Gandhiji wanted complete freedom which was not only political but also social and economic freedom as well. He made use of Charkha or a spinning wheel as an instrument for economic freedom which could provide means of livelihood to crores of poor people living in the villages and towns of India. A wide campaign was initiated in 1921 to boycott the foreign clothes and goods which was carried out by thousands of Gandhian Social Workers.

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Breaking Unjust Law and Reducing Social Distances
Gandhiji observed a 21 day fast for Hindu-Muslim unity in 1924 and used civil disobedience as a weapon to break the unjust ‘Salt Law’ in the year 1930. The British Government was imposing tax on the kitchen salt making the lives of millions of poor Indians more miserable. He undertook a march alongwith his followers from Sabarmati Ashram to the Coastal village Dandi and to protest against it and the march came to be known as ‘Dandi March’ after his arrest at Dandi, a movement of civil disobedience, famous as ‘Salt Satyagraha’ sprung up throughout the

Social Action (Satyagraha) for Social Integration
Gandhiji commenced fast until death in jail to secure the abolition of separate electorates for Harijans. The fast was then broken on 26th Sept on the acceptance of the Government of his demands regarding Harijans. Then a huge meeting was organized and All India Association was launched against the practice of untouchability. The by- product of the Satyagaraha was the publication of the periodicals ‘Harijan’ in Feb., 1933 which expressed the intentions of Gandhiji to concentrate on the plight of Harijans and the social evil of untouchability. He again went on fast on being denied to carry on anti-untouchability propaganda after which he was arrested and then released
after about 28 days. Then he went on a countrywide Harijan upliftment tour attacking the social evils of untouchability
and drawings the attention of caste-Hindus towards the plight of untouchables.

Away from Active Politics
Gandhi took a decision which proved to be a turning point in his history as a social worker. The decision was to retire from the active politics and work as a social worker with the priorities in the areas like untouchability eradication, total prohibition, Hindu-Muslim unity, Khadi Gramodyog and Swadeshi and organization of 7 lakh villages in India.
Other areas of social work include inauguration of ‘All India Village Industries Association’ aiming at giving the employment to a very large number of people at their own places of living mostly in the villages. Then he shifted to the village Sevagram near Wareham (Maharashtra) which became a capital of Gandhian social work. He worked towards giving new shape to the education system. In 1941, he founded ‘Go-Sewa Sangh’, an organization which protects and serve the cow.

MSW 02 Solved Assignment 2019 – 2020
The following are the characteristics of Gandhian social work:

1. A new indigenous model of Indian Society: Gandhiji provided a complete picture of the ideal Indian society who gave thought to all the aspects like nature of the State and its administration, defence, health, sanitation, housing, education, employment, development of the weaker section of the society and eradication of problems like alcoholism and untouchability, poverty, etc.

2. New Philosophy of Social Work: There was something unique about Gandhiji and his ways of presenting his values and principles which he used as a base of his social and political activities. The code of conduct formulated for Gandhian social workers is also noteworthy.

3. A Practical Philosophy: Gandhiji practiced whatever he thought and proclaimed. One example in this area
is the 19-point Constructive Programme of a system converting theory into practice.

4. Invention and Discovery of Methods and Techniques of Social Work: The practices like fasting, march and boycott, etc., were being practiced at religious and caste levels in India but Gandhiji gave it a new meaning by applying it at a mass level to achieve the socio-political goals. The Satyagraha practiced by him and his followers offers so many classic case studies for the students of social action.

5. From social reform to social development: The journey of Gandhiji’s social work started as a social actionist and social reformer but did not stop at that stage and proceeded for the development and the welfare of the society and the victims of the social problems. He aimed at constructing a new society.

6. National Net work of Workers and Institutions: “Lok Sevak Sangh”, an organization free from politics and devoted to the social work fully was created by Gandhiji. The idea was not successful but he left the legacy of a nationwide network consisting of large number of social workers. They are now known as Sarvodaya workers and their are institutions which are still working on Gandhian lines.

7. Secular Social Work: Gandhiji worked as a social actionist and gave a secular, rather spiritual base to social work. His social work picked up soothing and motivating elements from all the religions.

8. Research Training and Publications: There are many Ashrams all over the country which are offering short
and long term courses and the refresher courses for the workers. Also many institutes like Gandhi Vidyapith, Kashi
Vidyapith are active and offer many diploma and degree courses through formal and distance education mode. The
Institute of Gandhian Studies, Varanasi devoted to research and organizing seminars and conferences on Gandhian
affairs. Similar activities are carried by Gandhi Bhavans which are spread all over the country. There are various
books and journals which are being published every year on Gandhian thoughts and deeds.

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